We’ve heard all these things about animals and their behaviors and we’ve all believed them. In fact, many of these animal myths have been around for so long that people even get angry when you debunk them. However, these things are not facts and they have only anecdotal evidence (as in, you heard a story from a friend, who had a cousin, who knew a guy…) to back them up, not scientific data. These are 10 of the myths about animals that many people still believe, but which science tells us are just not true.
Baby Birds Will Be Rejected By Their Mothers If Handled By People
The truth: While it’s probably for the best is commonly believed, this fact simply isn’t true. This myth is rooted in the misconception that mother birds won’t recognize the scene of their babies if they’re picked up by humans, but in reality birds have a very bad sense of smell and don’t notice the difference. Baby birds are often found alone because they’re learning to fly. This myth is probably a result of well-meaning adults who didn’t want children picking up baby birds and potentially injuring them. So, seriously, leave it be.
Wedding Rice Kills Birds
The truth: Who knows where this misconception came from, but it’s definitely not true. Wedding rice typically is dehydrated rice, different from wild grains. Despite being a tradition that spans back to ancient Egypt, modern-day wedding planners have opted to use bubbles instead of rice for fear it’s killing the poor little church birdies when it expands in their stomachs. But the truth is the rice doesn’t expand enough to hurt the birds even a little bit. A research done at the University of Kentucky in 2002 showed regular bird seed expands in a stomach more than the rice does. So, really, wedding rice doesn’t even constitute as a full meal for church birds.
Bats Are Blind
The truth: All bats can see to some extent – that’s why they have eyes. No, but really. Bats can actually see really well, because they use both their eyesight and their “sonar” sight. Most bats employ echolocation (which is like a kind of sonar) allowing them to “see” in greater detail than any human ever could. How else do you think these little guys can locate the tiniest flying gnat in near-darkness?
Pit Bulls Are A Dangerous And Harmful Dog Breed
The truth: Any dog is capable of attacking a human, and while the pit bull is no exception, the breed itself isn’t more violent because of its DNA. It’s kind of easy to pick on this dog because it is commonly bred to fight, but many breeds of dog were trained to kill things and they don’t get banned from parks or buildings simply because of their breed. German shepherds, rottweilers, dobermans, and chows are all bred from a line of “aggressors.” Pit bulls are only aggressive when they’ve been trained to be that way.
Toads Give You Warts
The truth: This myth probably came into existence when mothers wanted a way to have their children stop picking up animals outside for fear they had diseases and were dirty. The lumpy toad – or any toad for that matter – don’t give you warts. These lumps help toads live in dry climates, unlike most frogs, which require moisture. This trait also helps toads blend into their environment with textures made possible by the wart like protrusions. It’s possible people assumed because the toads have wart-like bumps on them, they can transfer them to humans. But they can’t.
Daddy Longlegs Are The Most Poisonous Spiders
The truth: There is probably a lot you don’t know about this spider. For one thing, the spider you think is a daddy longlegs might actually be something else. There is a daddy longlegs spider, but in England the creature with this name isn’t a spider at all. The long-legged cellar spider is an example of a daddy longlegs and it is probably what is referred to in this myth.
The thing is, there is no record of a pholcid spider ever biting a human and causing any kind of reaction at all. If they were really poisonous, the only way we would know is if we had milked them and injected the venom into humans. And this has not been done. And there are no toxicology studies of any kind showing the effects of pholocid venom on any mammal. So, no scientific basis.
Ostriches Bury Their Heads in Sand
The truth: This myth probably came from the fact that ostriches, like many other kinds of birds, eat pebbles and sand to help them digest their food. They also turn their eggs with their beaks, another thing that makes them put their heads near the ground. If an ostrich put its head in the sand like we once believed, it would probably suffocate and die.
Lemmings Commit Mass Suicide When Migrating
The truth: During the filming of a 1958 Disney “documentary” White Wilderness (which won an Academy Award for Documentary Feature), filmmakers staged footage of lemmings jumping to their death after faking scenes of mass migration. A Canadian documentary called Cruel Camera that came out years later found the lemmings used for White Wilderness were flown from Hudson Bay to Calgary, Alberta, Canada, where they did not jump off the cliff, but in fact were launched off the cliff using a turntable.
Lemmings do no such thing. They do not hurl themselves off cliffs. They do migrate, and sometimes during these migrations they will fall into rivers or off cliffs accidentally like many other migratory species.
Healthy Dogs Have Wet Noses
The truth: The coldness or dampness of a dog’s nose is an indication of its activity level and is not about its health condition. Just like with humans, sweating through their nose helps a dog regulate its internal body temperature. Dogs also have a layer of mucous that forms on their noses to help them smell better, and when a dog licks its nose, it’s taking in a sample of whatever it’s smelling.
Possums Hang From Their Tails in Trees
The truth: Opossums do have partially prehensile tails, true. And young ones can hang upside down for short times, but why would they? There’s no point. Why don’t you curl your legs over a bar and hang upside down all the time? Or sleep that way? Absolutely not. This fact probably comes from the fact that possums typically live in and around trees.
Bears Go Into Hibernation During The Winter
The truth: If you try and wake up a bear during hibernation, you’re going to have a bad time. First, bears are not “true” hibernators. While some do slowdown during the winter – even to the point where they will sleep extended periods of time called a torpor – they do not sleep for the entire season. What’s more important is they are wakeable during this period of torpor, meaning if you stumble across a sleeping bear it is best to let it lie.
Goldfish Have A 3 Second Memory
The truth: Watch out goldfish owners, your fishy friend might be holding a grudge. Well, maybe not. But they definitely remember things much longer than three seconds. Goldfish can actually remember things for up to five months. Scientists determined goldfish could remember the times of day they were typically fed, and would anticipate feedings for months.
Bulls Hate The Color Red
The truth: Sorry wannabe matadors – this isn’t true at all. This myth started after matadors in the 1700s started using muletas – small red capes – in bullfighting. This led people to believe it was the color of the cape causing the bull to charge, not the cape itself. As it turns out, bulls respond about the same to capes that are red, blue, and white. So it’s the size of the cape – not the color – that makes a bull respond.
Head Lice Only Prefer Dirty Hair And/Or Long Hair
The truth: Head lice are equal opportunity invaders. There are actually a ton of myths about head lice, but the two biggest ones are about the length and quality of the hair they live in. The truth is, these pests pick any human head they can successfully contact. It has nothing to do with personal hygiene or cleanliness, and they don’t prefer longer strands over short ones. They can live on any human scalp and are spread through lice-to-head contact, typically from sharing brushes or combs.
Camels Store Water In Their Humps
The truth: Camels roaming through the desert must get mighty thirsty. So much so, they store extra water in the hump, right? Wrong. Astoundingly, a camel can survive for seven days without drinking water and it’s not because they have an extra stash on their back. The hump on their back is nothing more than a fatty tissue that can be burned if a camel hasn’t had food in a long time. What is super efficient in storing water for the camel? It’s kidneys. Camel’s extract so much water and use it in their bodies their urine comes out as thick as syrup.
The Leader Of A Wolfpack Is The Alpha
The truth: This myth is so perpetuated, humans have adopted the terms “alpha” and “beta” to describe personality types. But in reality, dogs don’t use the social hierarchy of alphas and betas to determine who is in charge. Packs are actually a lot like human families, where teams of adults – be it moms, dads, aunts, uncles, etc. – raises the younger pups. The older a wolf is, the more authority it has in the pack. Birth order determines how independent a pup is between its brothers and sisters, that is until they have a family of their own and the order is reversed.